This month's newsletter is about a unique carburetor which was patented by Charles Garrett in 1932. It's a carburetor that turns water into hydrogen and oxygen on demand. Now... I do agree with all the smart physicists out there who
conform to the strict laws of thermodynamics and believe that regular electrolysis of water is not efficient enough
to produce enough hydrogen and/or oxygen to run a generator or car motor much less produce enough excess energy to run the electrolysis process.
According to Faraday's Laws of electrolysis...
Faraday's 1st Law of Electrolysis - The mass of a substance altered at an electrode during electrolysis is directly proportional to the quantity of electricity transferred at that electrode. Quantity of electricity refers to the quantity of electrical charge, typically measured in coulomb.
Faraday's 2nd Law of Electrolysis - For a given quantity of electricity (electric charge), the mass of an elemental material altered at an electrode is directly proportional to the element's equivalent weight. The equivalent weight of a substance is its molar mass divided by an integer that depends on the reaction undergone by the material.
One coulomb is the amount of electric charge transported in one second by a steady current of one ampere. One coulomb is also the amount of excess charge on the positive side of a capacitance of one farad charged to a potential difference of one volt.
Whereas, Faraday's "law" may be true, I also believe it is possible to increase the efficiency of electrolysis. I'm not a physicist and maybe Faraday's 2nd law covers this, but everybody knows, for instance, that adding an electrolyte like sulphuric acid to the water increases the efficiency of the electrolysis. Faraday's laws seem to imply that the efficiency can only be increased by increasing the electrical charge. I do not think that is true.
Just as an example, Garrett's patent contains two methods to increase efficiency... 1) a bubbling system (pipe 51 in Fig 2) which removes any bubbles of gas forming on the plates, and 2) a mechanical polarity switching mechanism (Fig 3) which would tend to blast the charged molecules from the plates. Normally, hydrogen gas accumulates on the cathode or negative plates and oxygen accumulates on the anode or positive plates. When these gasses stick to the plates, this reduces the efficiency of the process, so you need to get them off the plate as quickly as possible so more water can come in contact with the plates. If you switch polarity, the like charges will repel each other just as like poles on magnets repel. The bubbles will shoot off the plate and hopefully float up and out of the electrolysis chamber.
To open Garrett's patent in pdf form, click on the link below (this is just a simple pdf file and you need Acrobat Reader to open it. It is free at www.adobe.com. Please do ask us for help in opening a pdf file)...
Other methods of increasing the efficiency of electrolysis include...
Here's a couple of articles from the Dallas Morning News on Garrett's invention...
Dallas Morning News - September 8, 1935
Dallasite Patents Invention Which He Claims
Substitutes Water for Gasoline as Fuel
C.H. Garrett, Dallas inventor, gave a private demonstration Saturday of a recently patented contrivance which he said substituted water for gasoline as fuel for internal combustion engines.
He said it broke up the water by electrolysis into its component gases, oxygen and hydrogen, using the highly explosive hydrogen for fuel in the motor cylinder.
The working model operated a four-cylinder engine for several minutes in the demonstration, at varying speeds and with several starts and stops. Garrett said he had operated the engine continuously for more than forty-eight hours.
The inventor said the idea itself was not new. He explained that difficulty had been encountered heretofore in attempts to store the dangerously inflammable hydrogen. He claimed to have AVOIDED that trouble by making and exploding the gas in the SAME PROCESS without a storage chamber in which the flames from the motor cylinders might react.
Water, he explained, is broken down into its component gases by passage of an electric current through it from electrodes immersed in the water. Hydrogen collects at the negative pole and oxygen at the positive. The hydrogen, Garrett said, is MIXED WITH AIR (78% nitrogen and other gases...Vanguard) and introduced DIRECTLY INTO THE CYLINDERS.
The inventor said he had been working on the device for eight years, assisted by his father, Henry Garrett, traffic signal engineer for the city of Dallas, inventor of the traffic signal system, now in use here and holder of several patents on such contrivances.
Garrett said attachment of the electrolytic carburetor and installation of a generator of about DOUBLE normal capacity to furnish power for the breaking down of the water were the only changes needed to convert a gasoline burning automobile into a WATER BURNER!
He said the electrolysis chamber would have to VARY IN SIZE with the size of the motor used. One of ABOUT A QUART CAPACITY being big enough for the ordinary automobile.
He claimed instantaneous starting in any weather, elimination of fire hazards, cooler motor operation and fulfilling of all motor requirements in power and speed.
Dallas Morning News - September 6, 1992
Early Inventor Builds Water-Powered Auto
by A.C. Greene
The late Henry "Dad" Garrett was a multi-talented Dallas inventor with a bent for electrical contrivances, and in 1935, he and his son, C.H. Garrett, patented and exhibited an automobile that ran on water -- actually, on hydrogen after the water was broken down by electrolysis.
Dad Garrett was already famous for his work. In 1920 he set up WRR in Dallas, the world's first municipal radio station, and was its first announcer. He was the first man to build a radio in his car, and he developed radio transmission from the car for police use. He also invented an automatic electric traffic signal, possibly the nation's first.
Eugene P. Aldredge recalled the Garretts: "I had rented a small office on the seventh floor of the Allen building in downtown Dallas for my letter service, and one of my early customers was the eighteenth floor National Electric Signal Co. owned by Dad Garrett and son C.H..
"I was informed that the two were experimenting with an automobile that used water for fuel, that they carried on their experiments in a workshop adjacent to their office on the top floor, and that two separate explosions (from dangerous hydrogen) had nearly blown a hole in the roof of the building...Neither was hurt."
On September 8, 1935, The Dallas Morning News first announced that the water-fuel concept worked -- at least it worked for "several minutes," the article reported.
A few months later, Pathe' News filmed the car driving along Garland Road with the driver stopping at White Rock Lake to fill the fuel tank with water before cruising off. In 1970, Karen Klinefelter wrote, "Aptly enough, the film was shown on Pathe's Stranger than Fiction feature program."
C.H. Garrett said the only items needed to convert a gasoline-engine auto to a water burner was an electrolytic carburetor and installation of a generator of double normal capacity for the breaking down of the water.
He claimed instant starts in any weather, no fire hazards, cooler operation and plenty of power and speed. The car was not marketed, and no one seems to know its ultimate destiny. Both Garretts died a number of years ago.
[A.C. Greene is an author and Texas historian who lives in Salado.]
Just a couple of quick reminders...
1) I think the economy is about to go down the toilet. It's being held together by band aids for now, but that won't last forever. Be prepared - become as self sufficient as possible now. I have a ton of great information in these
newsletters, so go back and read it and start preparing now.
2) I have already outlined many possibilities that could cause turmoil in your life. Some of them include...
So... we have these many things that "might" happen... what's the chances of just one of them happening to you? Pretty good I would say. The time to prepare is now. If the electricity goes out, so does your water and you can't survive
without water, so I would start there and start collecting rain water from your roof. Install a good filtering system too. After that I would install an alternative source of electricity and
then after that maybe stock up on a year's supply of food. The time to prepare is now. When it happens, it will be too late. Ever tried to buy plywood, bottled water, food, or a generator the day before a hurricane hits?